Liz's Wildflower Quizes

Ashland Hiking Home

7. We saw quite of few of these guys on our Layton Ditch hike on Monday 3/22-21 in the Applegate

1. What is the name of the flower?  Indian Warrior, Pedicularis densiflora.

2. What family is it in and how does it reproduce? Scrophulareacea family. It is a hemiparasitic herb, meaning it both produces chlorophyll and feeds on living material for its nutrients. Reproduces sexually by flower and spreads asexually underground by rhizomes, or roots.

3. What is it's habitat and when does it bloom? As you can see from the photo, it loves living under conifers, pines in particular. Likes the shade. Blooming now!

A cool fact about this plant is that a common name for plants named "Pedicularis" is lousewort. According to some sources, the plant was thought to cure people or cattle of lice.

 

6: Another one we might be seeing soon...

1. What is the name of the flower?  Gold Fields of course! Also known as Gold Stars (Crocidium multicaule). "crocidium" is Greek for tufts and "multicaule" means with many stems.   Pretty good description.

2. What family is it in and how does it reproduce?  Member of the Asteracea family; it's a daisy after all.  Gold Fields is an annual, which means it goes through its entire life cycle in a year, reproducing by seed.

3. What is it's habitat and when does it bloom?  A very widespread northwest native, found in varied habitats from grassland to woodland and rocky volcanic plain like our own Lower Table Rock.

 

5: One we might be seeing soon...

1. What is the name of the flower?  A few common names - Milk maids, Toothwort, Beautiful bittercress (Cardamine nuttallii).  "Cardamine" is from Greek meaning "cress".

2. What family is it in and how does it reproduce?  Brassica family. It's perennial herb that spreads with small, white rhizomes.   Also reproduces sexually from seed.

3. What is it's habitat and when does it bloom?   The photo is a clue: moist upper woodlands all along the NW from California to British Columbia.  Early spring!

Extra credit: Is it edible?  Yes! As a relative of the radish family it has that same flavor.  

 

4. John's favorite flower

1. What is the name of the flower?   Grand Hound's Tongue (Cynaoglossum grande) as John likes to say (incorrectly) "Hound's Teeth"

2. What family is it in and how does it reproduce ?  Borage family.  Pollination: Native bees and hummingbirds and is an occasional larval host plant for moths and butterflies. Seeds have hook-like appendages on the seed coat that grab onto and attach to anything nearby, including animals or human socks.

3. What is it's habitat and when does it bloom? Lightly shaded or open mixed woods at low to mid elevations.  Early spring - Marchish - blooming soon!

Extra credit:  Native and immigrant Americans used this plant medicinally.  For what purposes?  (Its family may give you a clue).  Like its cousins Borage and Comfrey, this plant was used for topically to heal burns, wounds, post-birth recovery and skin irritations as well as cough medicine, although sparingly for internal use.

 

3. Be Mine

1. What is the name of the flower and why was it chosen?   Western bleeding heart (Dicentra formosa: formasa = western).  Valentine's Day of course!

2. What family is it in and how does it reproduce ?  Fumariacaea family.  Underground rhizomes asexually as well as pollination by insects.

3. What is it's habitat and when does it bloom?  Meadows and moist west-side forests, mid-spring.  

Cool fact: A white-flowered bleeding heart (subsp. oregona) blooms in the Illinois Valley on serpentine soil. We may catch a glimpse on our new WW outing there later this year.
Another cool fact:  Barry found out that all parts of the plant are poisonous - how ironic.

 

2:  We don't see this little lovely very often, but it's a treat when we do.

1. What is the name of the flower?  Queen Cup or Bead Lily (Clintonia uniflora)  Uniflora = single flower

2. What family is it in?  Lilly family  Grows asexually by underground rhizomes as well as sexually by pollination.

3. What is it's habitat? Woodland (That's a gimme looking at the photo). Moist forests from coast to timberline.  Blooms midsummer.  

4. What is rather unusual about it, once pollinated?  It sports a lovely sapphire blue berry!

 

1. The Widow Maker

1. What is the name of the flower?   Grass Widow (Olsynium Douglasii)

2. What is its habitat?   Mid elevation rocky vernal-wet places

3. Is it edible and if so, how is it consumed?   Not unless you want to make someone a widow or widower.  It's poisonous.